Did You Know That Black and Hispanic Smokers Are Less Likely To Use Smoking Cessation Aids?

A recently published study examined whether race/ethnicity and use of smoking cessation aids are associated with the duration of the last serious quit attempt and reductions in cigarette consumption among long-term daily smokers who tried and failed to quit smoking during the preceding year. Data came from the 2010-2011 Tobacco Use Supplement survey conducted in the USA, and analyses included long-term daily smokers (i.e., smokers who smoked daily for 1 year or longer) who made at least one serious quit attempt in the past 12 months.

Findings included:

  • About 39% of these smokers used at least one smoking cessation aid during their last quit attempt.

  • Use of aids was significantly lower for non-Hispanic Black (NHB, 29%) and Hispanic (HISP, 29%) smokers than for non-Hispanic White (NHW, 42%) smokers, possibly due to differences in socioeconomic status and access to healthcare for smoking cessation.

  • The effect of using any aids on mean cigarette reduction and duration of the last long quit attempt (i.e., one that lasted a day or more) was similar across race/ethnicity.

  • Using any aids did not substantially influence mean cigarette reduction but was positively associated with duration of the quit attempt: the duration was 6 days longer when aids were used than when smokers attempted to quit unassisted.

  • Race/ethnicity was significantly associated with mean cigarette reduction; non-Hispanic American Indian and Alaska Native smokers had the highest mean reduction among the racial/ethnic groups considered.

The researchers concluded that use of aids may help increase duration of quit attempts and thus, may increase likelihood of quitting successfully in the near future.

Source: Soulakova & Crockett (2017). Level of cigarette consumption and duration of smoking abstinence during failed quit attempts among long-term daily smokers: The role of race/ethnicity and cessation aids. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, Apr 25. doi: 10.1007/s40615-017-0370-0. [Epub ahead of print]

Read the abstract at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28444627

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