A newly published study examined the impact of three state-level tobacco control policies (cigarette taxation, tobacco control spending, and smoke-free air (SFA) laws) on adult smoking rate overall and separately for adult subgroups in the U.S.
- State cigarette taxation is the only policy that significantly impacted smoking among the general adult population.
- Taxation was the only policy that significantly reduced smoking for some adult subgroups, including females, non-Hispanic Whites, adults aged 51 or older, and adults with more than a high school education.
- Other adult subgroups responded to the other two types of policies, either by mediating the taxation effect or by reducing smoking independently.
- Specifically, tobacco control spending reduced smoking among young adults (ages 18-25 years) and Hispanics. SFA laws affected smoking among men, young adults, non-Hispanic Blacks, and Hispanics.
The researchers concluded that state cigarette taxation is the single most important policy for reducing smoking among the general adult population. However, adult subgroups’ reactions to taxes are diverse and mediated by tobacco control spending and SFA laws.
Source: Yu et al. (2018). One size fits all? Disentangling the effects of tobacco taxes, laws, and control spending on adult subgroups in the US. Substance Abuse, Mar 7:1-30. doi: 10.1080/08897077.2018.1449050. [Epub ahead of print]