Did You Know? Among California Youth, Prevalence of E-Cigarette Use is Highest Among Non-Hispanic White Boys and Asian Girls


A newly published study sought to determine e-cigarette use prevalence and its relation to alcohol use as a potential gateway drug, and how this may differ by sex and ethnicity in a multi-ethnic sample of California adolescents. The researchers analyzed data from 1806 adolescents aged 12-17 in the 2014 and 2015 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) cycles.

Findings included:

  • The prevalence of e-cigarette use was 9.1% overall in California adolescents but highest in boys among non-Hispanic Whites (15.1%) and in Asian girls (13.3%).
  • Among e-cigarette users, 61.3% of boys and 71.0% of girls reported using alcohol as well.

The researchers concluded that attention needs to be paid to the high prevalence of e-cigarette smoking, as well as its potential as a gateway drug for alcohol drinking in adolescents.

Source: Wong & Fan, (2018). Ethnic and sex differences in E-cigarette use and relation to alcohol use in California adolescents: the California Health Interview Survey. Public Health, Mar 7;157:147-152. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2018.01.019. [Epub ahead of print]

Get the abstract on Infohub

Literature Review Of Characteristics Of Adolescent E-Cigarette Users
A newly published article reviewed the existing e-cigarette literature for the characteristics of adolescents most likely to become e-cigarette users. A total of 100 articles were found, and 25 were finally included in the present review. The researchers found that older age, male gender, conventional smokers, peer influence, daily smoking, and heavier smoking are the most common characteristics of adolescent e-cigarette users. Since e-cigarette use is increasing and considering that the long-term health effects are still under investigation, targeted interventions towards more susceptible individuals may be an effective prevention strategy.
Source: Perikleous et al. (2018). E-Cigarette Use Among Adolescents: An Overview of the Literature and Future Perspectives. Frontiers in Public Health, Mar 26;6:86. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2018.00086.
Get the paper on Infohub

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