Study Finds Weaker Protective Effect of Higher Education On Smoking For Blacks Than Whites


A newly published study examined whether higher socioeconomic status (SES) has the same protective effects on smoking for Blacks and Whites. This cross-sectional study used the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS), a national survey of American adults.

Findings included:

  • Higher educational attainment was associated with lower odds of ever and current smoking.
  • There was a stronger protective effect of higher education against current smoking for Whites than Blacks.
  • Race did not interact with the effect of educational attainment on odds of ever smoking .

In line with previous research in the United States, education is more strongly associated with health and health behaviors in Whites than Blacks.

Source: Assari & Mistry (2018). Educational Attainment and Smoking Status in a National Sample of American Adults; Evidence for the Blacks’ Diminished Return. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Apr 16;15(4). pii: E763. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15040763.


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