Using data from the 1995-2011 waves of the Tobacco Use Supplements of the Current Population Survey, researchers examined variation in current smoking status among first-, second-, and third/higher- generation black immigrants.
- Relative to third/higher generation blacks, first-generation black immigrants are less likely to report being current smokers.
- Within the first-generation, immigrants who migrated after age 13 have a lower probability of smoking relative to those who migrated at or under age 13.
- Disparities in smoking prevalence among the first-generation by age at migration are largest among black immigrants from Latin America.
- Second-generation immigrants with two foreign-born parents are generally less likely to smoke than the third/higher generation.
- Among individuals with West Indian, Haitian, Latin American, and African ancestry, the probability of being a current smoker increases with each successive generation.
- The intergenerational increase in smoking, however, is slower among individuals with African ancestry.
- Intergenerational gaps in smoking behavior are larger among women compared to men.
Source: Hamilton & Green (2017). Intergenerational differences in smoking among West Indian, Haitian, Latin American, and African blacks in the United States. SSM Population Health, Feb 7;3:305-317. doi: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2017.01.007. eCollection 2017 Dec.