A recently published study examined the role of emotional abuse in predicting youth smoking. Data were drawn from the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect. The study found that emotional abuse, in combination with physical and/or sexual abuse, predicted youth smoking, whereas the other types of abuse (physical and/or sexual abuse), or emotional abuse alone, did not. The researchers concluded that it is important to document critical influential factors to better inform intervention efforts.
Source: Lewis et al. (2019). The Role of Emotional Abuse in Youth Smoking. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Jan;56(1):93-99. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2018.08.020.