A recently published study examined the burden of tobacco and substance use disorders among hospitalized heart failure patients in the United States.
- Of 989,080 heart failure hospitalizations, 16% had documented tobacco or substance use disorder.
- Female sex was associated with lower rates of tobacco and substance use disorder.
- Tobacco and substance use disorder rates were highest for hospitalizations <55 years of age.
- Medicaid insurance or income in the lowest quartile were associated with increased risk of tobacco and substance use disorders.
The researchers concluded that enhanced screening for tobacco and substance use disorders in hospitalized heart failure patients may reveal opportunities for treatment and secondary prevention.
Source: Snow et al. (2018). National Rate of Tobacco and Substance Use Disorders Among Hospitalized Heart Failure Patients. The American Journal of Medicine, Dec 16. pii: S0002-9343(18)31168-9. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2018.11.038. [Epub ahead of print]