Tobacco studies often combine data for Asian American and Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander (AANHOPI) subgroups, masking subgroup differences. A newly published study describes tobacco use (ever use and past 30-day use) among some disaggregated AANHOPI subgroups. Data from Wave 1 of the 2013-2014 Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study were analyzed. The dataset contains a sample of 32,320 adults, of which 1623 identified as being of AANHOPI origin. Asian Americans further identified as being Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, or other Asian. Those who identified as Native Hawaiian, Guamanian or Chamarro, Samoan, and Other Pacific Islander were combined into an NHOPI group.
· Asian Indians and Chinese had the lowest and NHOPI had the highest tobacco use prevalence compared to other AANHOPI subgroups.
· Males generally had higher prevalence compared to females.
· Prevalence varied by AANHOPI membership and tobacco product.
Tobacco use varies by AANHOPI subgroup and product type. Tobacco use differences in AANHOPI subgroups may be attributed to socio-economic status differences. The researcher concluded that treating these distinct subgroups as a monolithic group may contribute to reliance on tobacco prevention and control strategies that may have limited impact on specific subgroups.
Nguyen (2019). Disaggregating Asian American and Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander (AANHOPI) Adult Tobacco Use: Findings from Wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study, 2013-2014. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, Jan 4. doi: 10.1007/s40615-018-00532-1. [Epub ahead of print]