Vaping linked to COVID-19 risk in teens and young adults
[From Stanford Medicine] – Data collected in May shows that teenagers and young adults who vape face a much higher risk of COVID-19 than their peers who do not vape, Stanford researchers found.
The study, which was published online Aug. 11 in the Journal of Adolescent Health, is the first to examine connections between youth vaping and COVID-19 using U.S. population-based data collected during the pandemic.
Among young people who were tested for the virus that causes COVID-19, the research found that those who vaped were five to seven times more likely to be infected than those who did not use e-cigarettes.
A newly published study examined how arrest during emerging adulthood altered smoking behavior during subsequent years and whether there were differential effects by race/ethnicity and gender. Researchers analyzed 15 waves of data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997.
- For both genders, arrested black men and women had the most distinct smoking transitions (both increases and decreases) as compared with their non-arrested counterparts.
- Among men, particularly black males, arrest in early adulthood was associated with the men transitioning to both increased and decreased smoking.
- Patterns in smoking transitions for women were less clear, suggesting that women’s smoking may be influenced by factors not in the models.
- Women had a low probability of starting to smoke or increasing smoking if they were never arrested between 18 and 21 years of age.
The researchers conclude that transitioning into increased smoking offers some support for labeling theory processes. Other findings suggest that arrest may lead to some men reducing or quitting smoking. Early adulthood arrest may serve to “shock the system” and contribute to males altering their prior smoking behavior. Because criminal justice policymakers tend to focus on issues like ex-offender unemployment, public health officials can provide guidance regarding the effect of justice system involvement on smoking, particularly given the adverse health outcomes of using cigarettes.
Source: Hassett-Walker & Shadden (2020). Examining Arrest and Cigarette Smoking in Emerging Adulthood. Tobacco Use Insights, 13: 1179173X20904350.
Watch Sixfootah’s Powerful “Enough is Enough” Video about Menthol Cigarettes!
LOOP Tailored Assistance Trainer (TAT) Tasha “Sixfootah The Poet” Turner just produced a brand new video about how menthol cigarettes affect the Black community. Check it out!
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A newly published study examined electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) use and their associations with conventional cigarette smoking and nicotine addiction among Asian Americans (AAs). Findings included: AAs who ever used ENDS reported they were more likely to smoke conventional cigarettes, smoke ≤100 cigarettes in a lifetime, and felt more difficulty concentrating without using tobacco than those who never used END. Theresearchers concluded that ENDS use may be associated with conventional cigarette smoking and may lead to nicotine addiction among AAs.
Source: Roh et al. (2020). Electronic Nicotine Delivery System (ENDS) Use Patterns and Its Associations With Cigarette Smoking and Nicotine Addiction Among Asian Americans: Findings From the National Adult Tobacco Survey (NATS) 2013-2014. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse, May 27, 1-19.
We want to thank all of those who joined us for our “21 Day Challenge Racial Equity Webinar Panel” on July 9th! Our incredible speakers delivered powerful, personal, and informative presentations to us on racial discrimination and systemic racism and how those ideas intersect with commercial tobacco control and health equity.
Thank you to our amazing speakers!
Dr. Valerie Yerger (The LOOP)
Evi Hernandez (Hispanic Latinx Coordinating Center)
Carol McGruder (AMPLIFY; AATCLC)
Rod Lew (APPEAL; SPARC)
Lou Moerner (The LOOP; American Indian/Alaska Native Advocate & Researcher)
We are reviewing the survey feedback and are exploring options for extending this initiative moving forward. We’ll be sure to keep you posted!
We also want to thank all of those who have already reached out to us for Tailored Assistance
on various topics and areas of expertise! As always, The LOOP Team and our extended team of Tailored Assistance Trainers are happy to help!
A recently published study assessed associations between social support and DSM-5 tobacco use disorder by sex and sexual minority identity.
Tobacco related findings included:
- Sexual minority adults had higher odds of tobacco use disorder compared to heterosexual adults.
- Sexual minority women experienced the highest proportion of tobacco use disorder.
- Higher social provision was associated with lower rates of tobacco use disorder.
- Compared to heterosexual adults, sexual minority women with at least one child under the age of 18 had higher odds of tobacco use disorder.
The researchers concluded that there are significant associations between functional support (quality or provision of support) and structural support (type and frequency of social networks) and tobacco use disorder which differ by sex and sexual identity status.
Source: Kahle et al. (2019). Functional and structural social support, substance use and sexual orientation from a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults. Addiction, Oct 9. [Epub ahead of print]
Have you been keeping up with the LOOP Racial Equity Challenge on Facebook?
If you missed some of the content this week, here’s a little recap:
How racial prejudices implement laws that disproportionally effect black and brown communities:
Read: Explaining White Privilege to a broke white person –
Listen: Breakdances with Wolves –
Watch: Starbucks Showed This Short Film to Its Employees To Teach Them About Racial Bias | NowThis
Read: Racism in America
Listen: Intersectionality Matters
Be sure to follow us on Facebook and stay updated and educated on this social issue. We can all bring about change!
Why Take the Challenge?
In today’s world, change is happening all around us – at an even faster pace than we’ve seen in a long time. Change is inevitable and, often, a good thing. But change isn’t always easy. It means breaking long-standing habits that all of us have created – that includes behaviors, mindsets, and even our environments.
Here at The LOOP, we see health equity as part of the larger social justice solution. In our field, we must recognize bias and how various policies can negatively impact people of color, in particular. We must understand the creation and perpetuation of systemic racism before we can create solutions. Thus, borrowing from the concept created by the America & Moore consulting firm, we are challenging ourselves and our LOOP community to take part in a 21-Day Racial Equity Challenge so we can both take an introspective journey and learn more about the experiences of others.
Starting TODAY, Juneteenth (June 19th), visit our LOOP Facebook page and consider participating in the “Watch,” “Listen,” “Read,” “Notice” or other tasks that will be posted daily. We will close out the challenge on July 9th with an online speaker series featuring a group of experts who will each speak for 8 minutes and 46 seconds exactly in honor of George Floyd.
We hope you’ll take this journey with us!