Did You Know: Arrest During Emerging Adulthood Can Impact Smoking Behavior of African Americans

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A newly published study examined how arrest during emerging adulthood altered smoking behavior during subsequent years and whether there were differential effects by race/ethnicity and gender. Researchers analyzed 15 waves of data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997.
Findings included:
  • For both genders, arrested black men and women had the most distinct smoking transitions (both increases and decreases) as compared with their non-arrested counterparts.
  • Among men, particularly black males, arrest in early adulthood was associated with the men transitioning to both increased and decreased smoking.
  • Patterns in smoking transitions for women were less clear, suggesting that women’s smoking may be influenced by factors not in the models.
  • Women had a low probability of starting to smoke or increasing smoking if they were never arrested between 18 and 21 years of age.

The researchers conclude that transitioning into increased smoking offers some support for labeling theory processes. Other findings suggest that arrest may lead to some men reducing or quitting smoking. Early adulthood arrest may serve to “shock the system” and contribute to males altering their prior smoking behavior. Because criminal justice policymakers tend to focus on issues like ex-offender unemployment, public health officials can provide guidance regarding the effect of justice system involvement on smoking, particularly given the adverse health outcomes of using cigarettes.

Source: Hassett-Walker & Shadden (2020). Examining Arrest and Cigarette Smoking in Emerging Adulthood. Tobacco Use Insights, 13: 1179173X20904350.

Funding Opportunities

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New California Grants Portal

This month, the California State Library launched the California Grants Portal. This website provides a single portal to find all state grant and loan opportunities offered on a first-come or competitive basis. Visit grants.ca.gov to discover the diversity of grant opportunities available from state agencies.  

More Info

 


Tobacco Enforcement Funds Available – RFPs due August 7th!

New Tobacco Enforcement Funds are now available through the Office of the Attorney General. As a result of Proposition 56, the Office of the Attorney General makes these annual funds available to local law enforcement agencies through the California Department of Justice Tobacco Grant Program. For Fiscal Year 2020-2021 a total of $28.5 million in grant funding is available statewide.

Any local public agency within the State of California that has the authority to enforce tobacco-related state laws or local ordinances is eligible to apply. Last day to apply is Friday, August 7, 2020.

Contact TobaccoGrantRFP@doj.ca.gov with questions.

Learn More About Enforcement Funds Here

Some Community Updates You Should Know About

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Paid Media Planning Webinar Series

As previously announced, the California Tobacco Control Program’s (CTCP) regional in-person Paid Media Planning Trainings have been canceled. In their place, CTCP’s Media Unit is hosting a two-part series of webinar trainings. The webinars will feature much of the same content as the trainings and build on the 2018 Paid Media Technical Assistance Sessions and Communications Plan Trainings to offer attendees a deeper look into best practices of paid media. All CTCP-funded partners are invited to attend. Please see below for dates and times:
Paid Media Planning: Aligning Media and Campaign Efforts Webinar | Tuesday, July, 14 from 10:00-11:30 am
Topics will include aligning paid media to best support project objectives and building communications plans.
Paid Media Planning: Paid Social and Digital Media Webinar | Tuesday, July 21 from 10:00-11:30 am
Topics will include digital tactics to consider at the local level and paid social media.
For details and to register, please visit: http://www.cvent.com/d/hnq6h8.

For more information, please contact Amelia Anderson, 916-449-5470

 

webinar picWebinar: New Way To Submit TA Requests and Refresher On Tobacco Education Clearinghouse Of California (TECC) Services

Starting June 1, 2020 TECC will implement a new way to submit technical assistance (TA) requests!
Please join us on this webinar: TECC Support 101: Technical Assistance for Educational Material Development on Wednesday, June 3, 2020 from 2:00PM – 3:00 PM to learn about how to submit TA requests in MatTrack and the services we provide for your educational material needs. This webinar is great for new and existing projects.

For more information, please contact Claudia Medina, (916) 883-0116

 

nicotine patchOver 1500 Free Nicotine Patches Mailed To Eligible Smokers Who Called The Helpline

The California Smokers’ Helpline sent out 1,500 two-week nicotine patch starter kits to eligible smokers over the past month. Thank you for continuing to promote the Helpline and this offer in your community. Let’s keep the momentum going to help people quit!
Cigarette smokers over 18-years-old who call 1-800-NO-BUTTS (1-800-662-8887) can receive a free, two-week starter kit of nicotine patches mailed to their home, while supplies last. The nicotine patches are made possible through a Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program grant.
CA Quits collaborated with several Statewide Coordinating Centers to develop flyers tailored to different populations. Download the flyers here: https://cdn2.hubspot.net/hubfs/131650/CSH-NRT-Starter-Flyer.pdf

For more information, please contact Lesley Phillips, (858) 3001051

Creating Smokefree Living Spaces For Non-Smoking Partners of Chinese American Smokers

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Chinese men smoke at high rates, and this puts household members at risk for tobacco-related diseases. A newly published qualitative study examines perspectives of Chinese American smoker and nonsmoker household pairs in the Creating Smokefree Living Together Program.
Researchers conducted four focus groups with 30 Chinese American participants (15 smokers and 15 nonsmokers) who, in household pairs, completed smokefree education interventions of either brief or moderate intensity. 
 
Findings included:
·         There was a preference for dyadic and group interventions because of the support offered.
·         Increased knowledge of the health harms of smoke exposure within a pair improved the nonsmoker’s support for smokefree living.
·         Learning communication strategies improved household relationships and assertiveness for smokefree environments.
·         Biochemical feedback was useful but had short-term effects.
·         Project magnets provided cues to action.
 
The researchers concluded that involving household partners is critical to smokefree interventions. Simple reminders at home appear to be more powerful than personal biochemical feedback of smoke exposure for sustaining motivation and engagement in ongoing behavioral changes within the household. 
 
Source: Saw et al. (2018). Perspectives of Chinese American smoker and nonsmoker household pairs about the creating smokefree living together program.
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Major Gaps In Tobacco Marketing Related Research Focusing On Asian Americans, American Indian/Alaska Natives, Pregnant Women, LGBT Populations, And Those With Mental Health Or Medical Co-Morbidities

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A newly published paper reviewed the literature on pro-tobacco marketing and anti-tobacco campaigns targeting eight vulnerable populations to determine key findings and research gaps.
Findings included:
  • There were 144 articles that met inclusion criteria on pro-tobacco marketing or anti-tobacco campaigns aimed at eight US groups: women of reproductive age, racial/ethnic minority groups (African American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian/Pacific Islander and American Indian/Alaska Native), Lesbian/Gay/Bisexual/Transgender (LGBT) populations, groups with low socioeconomic status, rural/inner city residents, military/veterans, and people with mental health or medical co-morbidities.
  • There were more studies on pro-tobacco marketing rather than anti-tobacco campaigns, and on cigarettes rather than other tobacco products.
  • Major gaps included studies on Asian Americans, American Indian/Alaska Natives, pregnant women, LGBT populations, and those with mental health or medical co-morbidities.
  • Gaps related to tobacco products were found for hookah, snus, and pipe/roll-your-own tobacco in the pro-tobacco studies, and for all products except cigarettes in anti-tobacco studies.
Source: Cruz et al. (2019). Pro-tobacco marketing and anti-tobacco campaigns aimed at vulnerable populations: A review of the literature. Tobacco Induced Diseases, Sep 18;17:68.

Did You Know? Youngest Teens (11-14) More Supportive of Tobacco 21

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Tobacco 21 (T21) is a population-based strategy to prevent tobacco initiation. A majority of U.S. youths support T21; however, the extent to which individual, interpersonal, and community factors influence T21 support is uncertain. A newly published study examined predictors of T21 support among U.S. youth. Data from the 2015 National Youth Tobacco Survey were analyzed.

 

Findings included:

·         Among nonusers, students least receptive to peer influence, those youngest in age (11-14 years) and those who believe tobacco is dangerous had higher odds of T21 support.

·         Among users, lower odds of T21 support were observed among those who purchased tobacco and accessed tobacco through social sources or other means in the past 30 days.

·         Younger tobacco users (11-14 years), black, non-Hispanic users, e-cigarette users, and users who believe that tobacco is dangerous had higher odds of T21 support.

 

The researchers concluded that low receptivity to peer influence and lack of access to tobacco products are associated with T21 support.

Source: Glover-Kudon et al. (2019). Association of Peer Influence and Access to Tobacco Products With U.S. Youths’ Support of Tobacco 21 Laws, 2015. Journal of Adolescent Health, 65(2), 202-209.

Did You Know: Tobacco Industry Targets American Indians and Alaska Natives Through Emails

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Non-Hispanic American Indians and Alaska Natives (NH AI/AN) have the highest commercial tobacco use (CTU) among U.S. racial/ethnic groups. A newly published study examined prevalence of tobacco industry marketing exposure and correlates of CTU among NH AI/AN compared to other racial/ethnic groups. Data from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study were analyzed.

 

Findings included:

  • NH AI/AN had a higher prevalence of exposure to retail tobaccoads (65% vs 59%), mail (20% vs.14%) and email (17% vs.11%) marketing than NH Whites.
  • CTU was higher among NH AI/AN than NH Whites and among adults who reported exposure to tobacco ads, mail, and email marketing.

 

There is higher tobacco marketing exposure in stores and via mail for NH AI/AN. Email marketing exposure was higher, even after controlling for tobacco-related risk factors. The tobacco industry may be targeting NH AI/AN through emails, which include coupons and other marketing promotions.

 

Source: Carroll et al. (2019). Tobacco Industry Marketing Exposure and Commercial Tobacco Product Use Disparities among American Indians and Alaska Natives. Substance Use & Misuse, Sep 23:1-10. [Epub ahead of print]

Alternative Tobacco Product Use, Ownership of Tobacco Promotional Items, and Easy Access to Cigarettes Linked to Increased Smoking Susceptibility Among Youth

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A newly published study examined perceptions and behaviors associated with smoking susceptibility among adolescents in the current tobacco landscape. Participants were 8th and 10th grade never-smokers of conventional cigarettes from Monitoring the Future surveys (2014-2016).

 

Findings included:

  • Among never-smokers of conventional cigarettes, 17% were susceptible to smoking, 6% were past 30-day alternative tobacco product users, and 4% owned tobacco promotional items.
  • Alternative tobacco product use, ownership of tobacco promotional items, and easy access to cigarettes were associated with increased likelihood of smoking susceptibility.
  • Perceived great influence by antismoking ads and higher perceived addictiveness of conventional cigarette smoking were associated with lower odds of smoking susceptibility.

 

The researchers concluded that alternative tobacco product use, ownership of tobacco promotional items, easy access to cigarettes, low influence by antismoking ads, and low perceptions of the addictiveness of conventional cigarettes are significant and actionable risk factors for smoking susceptibility among adolescents.

Source: Owotomo & Maslowsky (2018). Adolescent Smoking Susceptibility in the Current Tobacco Context: 2014-2016. American Journal of Health Behavior, May 1;42(3):102-113. doi: 10.5993/AJHB.42.3.10.

Study Findings Support the Healthy Immigrant Hypothesis

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A study published in February 2019 examined prevalence rates of alcohol, nicotine, and other drug use and major psychiatric disorders (major depressive disorder, persistent depression, bipolar disorder, agoraphobia, social and specific phobias, and antisocial, schizotypal, and borderline personality disorders) between US-born and foreign-born Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites and between early entry versus later-entry foreign-born Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites. Data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions were analyzed.
Findings included:
  • US-born Mexican Americans and US-born non-Hispanic whites were at greater risk of alcohol, nicotine, and any drug use and their associated disorders and other DSM-5 psychiatric disorders relative to their foreign-born counterparts.
  • Foreign-born Mexican Americans < 18 years old at immigration were at greater risk of drug use, drug use disorders, and nicotine use disorder compared with foreign-born Mexican Americans ≥ 18 years old at immigration.
  • Foreign-born non-Hispanic whites < 18 years old at immigration were more likely to use substances and to develop many psychiatric disorders relative to foreign-born non-Hispanic whites ≥ 18 years old at immigration.
The researchers concluded that the findings of this study support the healthy immigrant hypothesis and adverse role of acculturation for US-born and foreign-born Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites.
Source: Kerridge et al. (2019). Substance Use and Psychiatric Disorders Among Mexican Americans and Non-Hispanic Whites by Immigration Status. The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders, 21(1).