A newly published study examined whether racial and ethnic differences exist in the effects of educational attainment and poverty status on hookah smoking among American adults. This cross-sectional study analyzed data from 28,329 adult participants of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health.Findings included:
Overall, individuals with higher educational attainment were more likely to smoke a hookah.
Individuals who lived out of poverty had lower odds of current hookah smoking.
Race and ethnicity both showed statistical interactions with both socioeconomic indicators suggesting that Blacks and Hispanics with high educational attainment and those who live out of poverty have disproportionately high odds of hookah smoking, compared to non-Hispanic Whites with high socioeconomic status.
The researchers concluded that in the United States, middle-class racial and ethnic minority people remain at higher risk of smoking hookah, and that policymakers should not take an over-simplistic way and reduce the problem of race/ethnic inequalities in tobacco use to gaps in socioeconomic status between groups. Middle-class racial and ethnic minority people need extra support to stay healthy.
Source: Assari et al. (2020). Social Determinants of Hookah Smoking in the United States. Journal of Mental Health and Clinical Psychology, 4(1), 21-27.
Join us September 29-30, 2020 for the Power in Unity: Achieving Racial and Health Equity in the COVID Era Conference. We’ll discuss critical racial and health equity issues in commercial tobacco control and other areas of public health. In addition, we’ll celebrate the collaboration of priority populations in combating tobacco, cancer, and other health disparities.For over 25 years, Asian Pacific Partners for Empowerment, Advocacy, and Leadership (APPEAL) has led this effort through their work in Asian American, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander communities. This conference will be held in partnership with the ADEPT Equity Collaborative based in California. Both ADEPT and APPEAL are featuring critical presentations and opportunities to dialogue on the dismantlement of racism and working toward health equity during the COVID-19 pandemic.
To learn more visit our Power in Unity Conference website
Keynote Presenters: Dr. Ninez Ponce, Director of UCLA Center for Health Policy Research Andrea Jenkins , Vice Chair of Minneapolis City Council
Registration closes on September 23rd We look forward to seeing you!
PHLC in collaboration with Santa Barbara County Public Health Department’s Tobacco Prevention Program. Santa Barbara County passed two local ordinances on comprehensive TRL. This webinar talks about advocacy and legal work that happened to pass two local ordinances in Santa Barbara County, and the lessons learned about the implementation phase of comprehensive new sales restrictions.
Tobacco Product Waste Prevention and Mitigation Registration
Cigarette butts, packaging, and electronic cigarette materials/pods are the single most collected items on beach and urban cleanups worldwide. This waste has implications for environmental degradation due to the chemicals leached from the waste products and for human and animal health. Recent research suggests that cleanup, prevention, and mitigation of such waste has significant negative economic externalities, which are costs borne by others than the users of these products, including communities, taxpayers, and voluntary organizations.
Raquel Fernandez Megina of Nofumadores.org in Spain will discuss cigarette butt pollution and her smoke-free beaches initiative. Dr. Thomas Novotny of San Diego State University & Cigarette Butt Project will discuss the policy implications of tobacco product waste prevention and mitigation with a focus on how such policies fit within the end game on tobacco and how to shift accountability for tobacco waste upstream to the tobacco industry. Hudson Kingston of the Public Health Law Center will describe how tobacco control can learn from the Environmental Justice movement and use available tools to protect the environment to promote health equity.
Vaping linked to COVID-19 risk in teens and young adults
[From Stanford Medicine] – Data collected in May shows that teenagers and young adults who vape face a much higher risk of COVID-19 than their peers who do not vape, Stanford researchers found.
The study, which was published online Aug. 11 in the Journal of Adolescent Health, is the first to examine connections between youth vaping and COVID-19 using U.S. population-based data collected during the pandemic.
Among young people who were tested for the virus that causes COVID-19, the research found that those who vaped were five to seven times more likely to be infected than those who did not use e-cigarettes.
Cities and counties interested in comprehensive tobacco retail licensing (TRL) and flavored tobacco bans should attend the August 25th webinar “Riding the Vape Train: Pairing Comprehensive TRL with Flavored Tobacco Bans.” The Law & Policy Partnership to End the Commercial Tobacco Epidemic will be joined by staff from the Santa Barbara County Public Health Department to talk about the advocacy and legal work that happened to pass two local ordinances in Santa Barbara County, and the lessons learned about the implementation phase of comprehensive new sales restrictions.
A newly published study examined how arrest during emerging adulthood altered smoking behavior during subsequent years and whether there were differential effects by race/ethnicity and gender. Researchers analyzed 15 waves of data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997.
For both genders, arrested black men and women had the most distinct smoking transitions (both increases and decreases) as compared with their non-arrested counterparts.
Among men, particularly black males, arrest in early adulthood was associated with the men transitioning to both increased and decreased smoking.
Patterns in smoking transitions for women were less clear, suggesting that women’s smoking may be influenced by factors not in the models.
Women had a low probability of starting to smoke or increasing smoking if they were never arrested between 18 and 21 years of age.
The researchers conclude that transitioning into increased smoking offers some support for labeling theory processes. Other findings suggest that arrest may lead to some men reducing or quitting smoking. Early adulthood arrest may serve to “shock the system” and contribute to males altering their prior smoking behavior. Because criminal justice policymakers tend to focus on issues like ex-offender unemployment, public health officials can provide guidance regarding the effect of justice system involvement on smoking, particularly given the adverse health outcomes of using cigarettes.
Source: Hassett-Walker & Shadden (2020). Examining Arrest and Cigarette Smoking in Emerging Adulthood. Tobacco Use Insights, 13: 1179173X20904350.