A newly published study examined racial/ethnic differences in smoking susceptibility among US youth nonsmokers over time and age. Researchers analyzed data from nationally representative samples of youths who never tried cigarettes (ages 9-21), 1999 to 2014.
- Compared with non-Hispanic whites (NHWs), Hispanics were more susceptible to smoking from 1999 to 2014.
- Non-Hispanic blacks were less susceptible to smoking than NHWs from 2000 to 2009.
- Non-Hispanic Asian Americans were less susceptible to smoking from 2000 to 2009, after which they did not differ from NHWs.
- Other non-Hispanics were more susceptible to smoking than NHWs from 2012 to 2014.
- Compared with NHWs, non-Hispanic blacks and other non-Hispanics were more susceptible to smoking at ages 11 to 13 and 12 to 14, respectively.
- Hispanics were more susceptible to smoking throughout adolescence peaking at age 12 and age 16.5.
- Non-Hispanic Asian Americans were less susceptible to smoking at ages 11 to 15.
The researchers concluded that racial/ethnic disparities in smoking susceptibility persisted over time among US youth nonsmokers, especially at ages 11 to 13. Interventions to combat smoking susceptibility are needed.
Source: El-Toukhy, Sabado & Choi (2016). Trends in susceptibility to smoking by race and ethnicity. Pediatrics, 138(5).
Read the abstract at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27940778
A recent study examined neighborhood characteristics of point-of-sale (POS) e-cigarette advertising among tobacco stores. The purpose of this study was to examine socio-demographic characteristics of POS e-cigarette advertising among tobacco stores in the Omaha metropolitan area of Nebraska. Between April and June 2014, trained fieldworkers completed marketing audits of all stores that sell tobacco (n = 463) in the Omaha metropolitan area and collected comprehensive e-cigarette advertising data of these stores.
A recent study examined racial/ethnic differences in smokers’ intentions to quit smoking within the next 6 months. The sample included 20,693 current non-occasional smokers in the U.S. who responded to the 2010-2011 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey.
The rates of intention to quit within 1 month were significantly higher for non-Hispanic (NH) Blacks (21%) and Hispanics (21%) than for the NH Whites (NHW, 15%).
The rates of intention to quit within 6 months were significantly higher for NH Blacks (46%) than for NH Whites (39%) and significantly lower for NH American Indians/Alaska Natives (38%) and NH Asians (39%) than for NH multiracial (53%) smokers.
Most disparities existed even after adjusting for smoking-related and sociodemographic factors.
For most racial/ethnic groups, non-daily smoking and doctor’s advice to quit were positively associated with the odds of intending to quit.
For each racial/ethnic group, having a longer quit attempt in the past 12 months was positively associated with the odds of intending to quit.
A recently published study examined whether race/ethnicity and use of smoking cessation aids are associated with the duration of the last serious quit attempt and reductions in cigarette consumption among long-term daily smokers who tried and failed to quit smoking during the preceding year. Data came from the 2010-2011 Tobacco Use Supplement survey conducted in the USA, and analyses included long-term daily smokers (i.e., smokers who smoked daily for 1 year or longer) who made at least one serious quit attempt in the past 12 months.
The positive association between youth use of cannabis and tobacco is well-established, and reports show that some youth are using electronic vapor products (EVPs) to administer cannabis. A newly published study examined the prevalence and correlates of youth consumption of cannabis via EVP and how this compares with co-use of cannabis with cigars (blunts) among a large statewide sample of youth.
Retail marketing surveillance research highlights concerns about lower-priced cigarettes in neighborhoods with a higher proportion of racial/ethnic minorities, but focuses almost exclusively on premium brands. A recently published study (Nicotine & Tobacco Research, April 2017) examined neighborhood variation in prices for the cheapest cigarettes and a popular brand of cigarillos in a large statewide sample of licensed tobacco retailers in a low-tax state. A census of eligible licensed tobacco retailers in randomly selected zip codes (n=7,393 stores) was conducted in 2013. Two prices were requested: the cheapest cigarette pack regardless of brand and a single, flavored Swisher Sweets cigarillo.
As of April 2017, 90 California cities and counties had adopted smoke-free multi-unit housing (MUH) policies, protecting nonsmokers from the harmful effects of secondhand smoke. Healthy Air Vallejo, an initiative of Fighting Back Partnership coordinated through the Vallejo Community Change Coalition, is attempting to follow that trend by adopting a similar ordinance in Vallejo. Of Vallejo residents 18 years and older, 21.5% report suffering from asthma which is nearly double the state average yet there are no smoke-free apartment units in the city. Staff and committee members are actively educating community groups about the benefits of smoke-free housing and partnering with low-income apartment complexes to educate tenants and managers and gather public opinion data.
Substance use and mental health are strongly associated with smoking and poor cessation outcomes, but not often examined in combination with menthol cigarette smoking. A recent study identified classes of Black and White menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers based on demographics, alcohol, drug, and other tobacco use behaviors. A sample of 1,177 menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers was classified based on demographic characteristics, heavy smoking, alcohol and drug use, desire to quit smoking, other tobacco product use, and use of psychotropic medication.
Watch the video that features LOOP Director Dr. Valerie Yerger, LOOP Leadership Specialist Carol McGruder, Dr. Stanton Glantz, city and county officials, and more.
FROM THE BLOG OF STANTON GLANTZ, CENTER FOR TOBACCO CONTROL RESEARCH AND
EDUCATION, UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN FRANCISCO
On Monday April 17, 2017, Supervisor Malia Cohen introduced legislation to prohibit the sale of all flavored tobacco products, including menthol, in the City and County of San Francisco. While several other cities have enacted restrictions on flavors (and some that included menthol), this is the first blanket prohibition.
Introduction of this important law builds directly on educational activities about how menthol is used to target African American and other communities led by my colleague Valerie Yerger, Carol McGruder, and Phil Gardiner. The educational activities have been and will continue to be a key elementof the UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center’s SFCAN partnership with San Francisco to quickly reduce cancer in San Francisco. This is a great example of research translation from the ivory tower to the community.