Do You Know That There Are Racial And Ethnic Differences In Smoking Susceptibility?

A newly published study examined racial/ethnic differences in smoking susceptibility among US youth nonsmokers over time and age. Researchers analyzed data from nationally representative samples of youths who never tried cigarettes (ages 9-21), 1999 to 2014.

Findings included:

  • Compared with non-Hispanic whites (NHWs), Hispanics were more susceptible to smoking from 1999 to 2014.
  • Non-Hispanic blacks were less susceptible to smoking than NHWs from 2000 to 2009.
  • Non-Hispanic Asian Americans were less susceptible to smoking from 2000 to 2009, after which they did not differ from NHWs.
  • Other non-Hispanics were more susceptible to smoking than NHWs from 2012 to 2014.
  • Compared with NHWs, non-Hispanic blacks and other non-Hispanics were more susceptible to smoking at ages 11 to 13 and 12 to 14, respectively.
  • Hispanics were more susceptible to smoking throughout adolescence peaking at age 12 and age 16.5.
  • Non-Hispanic Asian Americans were less susceptible to smoking at ages 11 to 15.

The researchers concluded that racial/ethnic disparities in smoking susceptibility persisted over time among US youth nonsmokers, especially at ages 11 to 13. Interventions to combat smoking susceptibility are needed.

Source: El-Toukhy, Sabado & Choi (2016). Trends in susceptibility to smoking by race and ethnicity. Pediatrics, 138(5).

Read the abstract at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27940778

Did You Know That Point-Of-Sale E-Cigarette Advertising Is Related To Neighborhood Characteristics?


A recent study examined neighborhood characteristics of point-of-sale (POS) e-cigarette advertising among tobacco stores. The purpose of this study was to examine socio-demographic characteristics of POS e-cigarette advertising among tobacco stores in the Omaha metropolitan area of Nebraska. Between April and June 2014, trained fieldworkers completed marketing audits of all stores that sell tobacco (n = 463) in the Omaha metropolitan area and collected comprehensive e-cigarette advertising data of these stores.

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Did You Know That There Are Racial Disparities In Intentions To Quit Smoking?

A recent study examined racial/ethnic differences in smokers’ intentions to quit smoking within the next 6 months. The sample included 20,693 current non-occasional smokers in the U.S. who responded to the 2010-2011 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey.

Findings included:

  • The rates of intention to quit within 1 month were significantly higher for non-Hispanic (NH) Blacks (21%) and Hispanics (21%) than for the NH Whites (NHW, 15%).

  • The rates of intention to quit within 6 months were significantly higher for NH Blacks (46%) than for NH Whites (39%) and significantly lower for NH American Indians/Alaska Natives (38%) and NH Asians (39%) than for NH multiracial (53%) smokers.

  • Most disparities existed even after adjusting for smoking-related and sociodemographic factors.

  • For most racial/ethnic groups, non-daily smoking and doctor’s advice to quit were positively associated with the odds of intending to quit.

  • For each racial/ethnic group, having a longer quit attempt in the past 12 months was positively associated with the odds of intending to quit.

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Did You Know That Black and Hispanic Smokers Are Less Likely To Use Smoking Cessation Aids?

A recently published study examined whether race/ethnicity and use of smoking cessation aids are associated with the duration of the last serious quit attempt and reductions in cigarette consumption among long-term daily smokers who tried and failed to quit smoking during the preceding year. Data came from the 2010-2011 Tobacco Use Supplement survey conducted in the USA, and analyses included long-term daily smokers (i.e., smokers who smoked daily for 1 year or longer) who made at least one serious quit attempt in the past 12 months.

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Did You Know That A Substantial Number of Youth Are Using Electronic Vapor Products And Blunts To Administer Cannabis?

The positive association between youth use of cannabis and tobacco is well-established, and reports show that some youth are using electronic vapor products (EVPs) to administer cannabis. A newly published study examined the prevalence and correlates of youth consumption of cannabis via EVP and how this compares with co-use of cannabis with cigars (blunts) among a large statewide sample of youth.

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Did You Know That Cheap Cigarettes Are Even Cheaper In Neighborhoods With More Children And Asian or Pacific Islanders?

Retail marketing surveillance research highlights concerns about lower-priced cigarettes in neighborhoods with a higher proportion of racial/ethnic minorities, but focuses almost exclusively on premium brands. A recently published study (Nicotine & Tobacco Research, April 2017) examined neighborhood variation in prices for the cheapest cigarettes and a popular brand of cigarillos in a large statewide sample of licensed tobacco retailers in a low-tax state. A census of eligible licensed tobacco retailers in randomly selected zip codes (n=7,393 stores) was conducted in 2013. Two prices were requested: the cheapest cigarette pack regardless of brand and a single, flavored Swisher Sweets cigarillo.

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Alix Winston, LOOP Technical Assistance Trainer, Helps ‘Healthy Air Vallejo’ Advocate for Smoke-free Multi-unit Housing

As of April 2017, 90 California cities and counties had adopted smoke-free multi-unit housing (MUH) policies, protecting nonsmokers from the harmful effects of secondhand smoke. Healthy Air Vallejo, an initiative of Fighting Back Partnership coordinated through the Vallejo Community Change Coalition, is attempting to follow that trend by adopting a similar ordinance in Vallejo. Of Vallejo residents 18 years and older, 21.5% report suffering from asthma which is nearly double the state average yet there are no smoke-free apartment units in the city. Staff and committee members are actively educating community groups about the benefits of smoke-free housing and partnering with low-income apartment complexes to educate tenants and managers and gather public opinion data.

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Did You Know That A Recent Study Found Three Distinct Groups Of Users Among Menthol And Non-Menthol Cigarette Smokers?

Substance use and mental health are strongly associated with smoking and poor cessation outcomes, but not often examined in combination with menthol cigarette smoking. A recent study identified classes of Black and White menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers based on demographics, alcohol, drug, and other tobacco use behaviors. A sample of 1,177 menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers was classified based on demographic characteristics, heavy smoking, alcohol and drug use, desire to quit smoking, other tobacco product use, and use of psychotropic medication.
 

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SAN FRANCISCO SUPERVISOR MALIA COHEN INTRODUCES LANDMARK FLAVORED TOBACCO RESTRICTION ORDINANCE

Watch the video that features LOOP Director Dr. Valerie Yerger, LOOP Leadership Specialist Carol McGruder, Dr. Stanton Glantz, city and county officials, and more.

FROM THE BLOG OF STANTON GLANTZ, CENTER FOR TOBACCO CONTROL RESEARCH AND
EDUCATION, UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN FRANCISCO

On Monday April 17, 2017, Supervisor Malia Cohen introduced legislation to prohibit the sale of all flavored tobacco products, including menthol, in the City and County of San Francisco.  While several other cities have enacted restrictions on flavors (and some that included menthol), this is the first blanket prohibition.

Introduction of this important law builds directly on educational activities about how menthol is used to target African American and other communities led by my colleague Valerie Yerger, Carol McGruder, and Phil Gardiner.  The educational activities have been and will continue to be a key elementof the UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center’s SFCAN partnership with San Francisco to quickly reduce cancer in San Francisco.  This is a great example of research translation from the ivory tower to the community.

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…That Socially Disadvantaged Smokers Are Likely to Continue Smoking after a Cigarette Tax?
Smokers use cigarette expenditure minimizing strategies (CEMS) to alleviate the effect of tax increases on their cigarette expenses. A recently published study (Tobacco Control, February) examined changes in smokers’ cigarette expenditure minimizing strategies (CEMS) before and after a 2013 Minnesota $1.75 cigarette tax increase. Data were from representative samples of smokers who participated in the Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey 2010 (n=948) and 2014 (n=1,229). Participants indicated CEMS used in the past year from a list.
Findings included:
  • Between 2010 and 2014, more smokers tried to save money on cigarettes by rolling their own cigarettes (from 19% to 29%), using other tobacco products (from 13% to 25%), and buying cigarettes from cheaper places (from 48% to 55%).
  • Fewer smokers used coupons/promotions (from 63% to 50%) and bought cigarettes by the carton (from 39% to 32%).
  • Smokers with lower education were more likely than those with higher education to purchase discount brands, roll their own cigarettes, use coupons/promotions and cut back on smoking.

The researchers concluded that socially disadvantaged smokers were most likely to use CEMS and continue smoking after a cigarette tax increase. Regulations that would reduce CEMS use could boost the effectiveness of cigarette tax increases.

Source: Choi & Boyle (2017). Changes in cigarette expenditure minimizing strategies before and after a cigarette increase. Tobacco Control, Feb 20. pii: tobaccocontrol-2016-053415.

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