Did You Know That Low SES is Linked to More Favorable Attitudes Toward Potential New Tobacco Regulations?

A newly published study examined attitudes toward four potential U.S. Federal tobacco regulations (banning menthol from cigarettes, reducing nicotine levels in cigarettes, banning candy and fruit flavored electronic cigarettes, and banning candy and fruit flavored little cigars and cigarillos) and associations with individual and state variables. A nationally representative phone survey of 4,337 adults assessed attitudes toward potential policies.

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Did You Know That Creating Geographically Uniform Tax Levels Could Reduce Disparities in Cigarette Smoking?

A recently published study (Preventive Medicine, December 2017) examined how cigarette excise tax rates differ for population groups defined by race, ethnicity, poverty status, and sexual orientation, and how these differences have evolved over time.
Findings included:
  • In 2014, the average U.S. resident was required to pay $2.68 in cigarette taxes, more than 60% of which was due to state and local taxation.
  • On average, Asian/Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander populations faced the highest average tax ($2.95), which was $0.44 more than American Indian populations.
  • Local taxes disproportionately augmented state and federal taxes for non-White populations, same-sex couples, and people living in poverty.
  • Geographic variation in cigarette excise taxes produces sociodemographic variation in cigarette tax exposure.

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The LOOP Leadership Development Program Fellow Application

Health Education, Public Policy, Public Law, Law Enforcement, Public Relations, Journalists, Program Evaluation, Cessation Counselors, Community Health Advocates, Program Assistants, Program Managers

Though California is a national leader in tobacco control and enjoys one of the lowest smoking prevalence rates in America, not all of our communities have equally benefited. Native Americans, Pacific Islanders, African Americans, the LGBTQ community, and members of the military are just some of the groups that still have high smoking rates. There are complex reasons why some communities continue to bare a disparate tobacco related burden. An important part of the solution is the cultivation and training of leaders from these communities.

Because of the passage of California’s historic 2016 tobacco tax, thousands of jobs in tobacco control across the state of California will be created. The average student has little knowledge of these career opportunities. The LOOP Leadership Development Program (LDP) aims to build capacity by increasing knowledge and access to these opportunities. We are actively recruiting 12-16 “Fellows” to participate in a vigorous 8-week program. Once successful applicants complete the program they will receive a certificate of completion from the University of California, San Francisco. They will also have ongoing access to a cadre of mentorship and support. We want to help you develop your leadership skills as we guide you through a wide array of career boosting opportunities. Applicants who represent the populations most adversely targeted by Big Tobacco are strongly encouraged to apply.

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The LOOP Remembers Richard Barnes

It is with great sadness and heavy hearts that we share the news that one of The LOOP’s technical assistance trainers (TAT), Richard Barnes, has recently passed away. When The LOOP first began back in 2014, Richard was one of the first individuals we invited to become a TAT not only because of his extensive experience and expertise in tobacco control advocacy, but also because of his warm and genuine character.

The LOOP has greatly benefitted from Richard’s contributions which include facilitating trainings around state and local policymaking, as well as the importance of media advocacy. Richard will always be remembered not only as a mentor, but as an inspiration for those committed to making the world a better place for all.

Richard – you will be dearly missed.

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The LOOP Remembers Mayor Ed Lee

On December 12, 2017, the city of San Francisco was saddened to hear about the sudden passing of Mayor Ed Lee. Earlier this year, Mayor Lee helped usher in a landmark flavored tobacco ordinance that would restrict the sale of flavored tobacco (including menthol cigarettes) in San Francisco. When discussing big tobacco’s role within our communities, Lee stated “They’re trying to get vulnerable populations hooked. It’s not one cigarette like somebody might say or trying something out. It is being hooked that brings in the profit that continues the deep advertisements into vulnerable communities. This is about piercing the menthol veil. The candy veil. The false veil of advertising. And I’ll be really glad when this approaches my desk. I’ll be signing it with eager, eager anticipation.”

The LOOP will always remember Mayor Ed Lee not only as an ally in the fight against big tobacco, but also a champion for social justice. He will be greatly missed.

Did You Know That Smoke-Free Policies Can Be Effective in Permanent Supportive Housing?

 Smoke-free policies effectively reduce secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among non-smokers, reduce consumption, encourage quit attempts, and minimize relapse to smoking among smokers. However, such policies are uncommon in permanent supportive housing (PSH) for formerly homeless individuals. A recently published study, involving a collaboration with a PSH provider in San Diego, California, assessed a smoke-free policy that restricted indoor smoking. Between August and November 2015, residents completed a pre-policy questionnaire on attitudes toward smoke-free policies and exposure to secondhand smoke, and then 7-9 months after policy implementation residents were re-surveyed.

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That Homelessness And HIV Status Are Associated With Smoking Among Sexual And Gender Minorities Youth?
A recently published study examined rates and correlates of tobacco use among young men who have sex with men (YMSM) and transgender women. A total of 771 participants were drawn from thebaseline assessment of an ongoing longitudinal cohort study of racially diverse MSM aged 16-29 years. Data collection took place in 2015-2016.

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Did You Know That African Americans, Compared To Whites And Other Groups, Have More Trust In Information Provided By Tobacco Companies?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A recent study examined racial/ethnic differences in sources of health information, types of tobacco information sought, and trust in sources of tobacco related information. Data from a nationally representative survey were analyzed.

Findings included:

  • The Internet was the most common first source of health information while health care providers were the second most common source for all racial/ethnic groups.
  • Tobacco-related health information seeking was more prevalent than other tobacco product information seeking.
  • A higher proportion of Whites sought other tobacco product information compared to Asians and Pacific Islanders.
  • Trust was rated highest for doctors while trust for health organizations was rated second highest. Asians and Pacific Islanders had higher trust in the government compared to all other groups. Blacks had higher trust in religious organizations compared to all other groups besides Hispanics. Blacks also had higher trust for tobacco companies compared to Whites and Other.
  • However, many of these differences were weakened in adjusted analyses.

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Did You Know That African Americans, Compared To Whites And Hispanics, Are Less Likely To View E-Cigarettes As Addictive?

A recently published study examined racial/ethnic differences in e-cigarette knowledge, risk perceptions, and social norms among current and former smokers.

Findings included:

  • White participants scored significantly higher on e-cigarette knowledge, compared to both Hispanics and African Americans/Blacks.
  • Knowledge was lower among African Americans/Blacks compared to Hispanics.
  • Compared to both Whites and Hispanics, African American/Black participants held lower perceptions regarding e-cigarette health risks and were less likely to view e-cigarettes as addictive.
  • Normative beliefs did not differ by race/ethnicity.

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