A newly published study examined how smoking may differentially relate to the emergence of disparities in functioning across races/ethnicities over adolescence. Youth (n = 2,509) were surveyed eight times from ages 11 to 18. Researchers measured cigarette use, academic and social functioning, mental and physical health, and delinquency.
- Youth were 45% Hispanic, 20% , 20% white, 10% multiethnic, 2% black, and 1% other ethnicities.
- Higher average probability of smoking and steeper slopes of smoking trajectories were associated with poorer outcomes in multiple domains:
· Black, Hispanic, and multiethnic youth reported lower academic performance.
· Asian, black, and multiethnic youth reported higher academic unpreparedness.
· Asian and multiethnic youth reported poorer mental health.
· Asian, Hispanic, and multiethnic youth reported poorer physical health.
· Asian youth reported higher delinquency and poorer social functioning.
The researchers concluded that racial/ethnic minority youth demonstrated poorer outcomes in multiple domains compared with white peers. Smoking may be a particularly robust marker for risk of negative outcomes in racial/ethnic minority youth.
Source: Dunbar et al. (2018). Ethnic Differences in Cigarette Use Trajectories and Health, Psychosocial, and Academic Outcomes. Journal of Adolescent Health, Mar, 62(3):327-333.
Read the abstract at https://www.tcspartners.org/login.cfm
Research has demonstrated that Hip Hop peer crowd identification, which is common among multicultural youth, is associated with increased risk of tobacco use. To address this, the FDA Center for Tobacco Products created Fresh Empire, the first national tobacco education campaign tailored for Hip Hop youth aged 12-17 who are multicultural (Hispanic, African American, Asian-Pacific Islander, or Multiracial). A recently published studyexamined peer crowd (Hip Hop, Mainstream, Popular, Alternative, Country) and cigarette smoking status among a nationally recruited sample of youth, aged 13-17. The study found that Alternative youth were most at risk of cigarette smoking, followed by Hip Hop. Specifically, Hip Hop youth were significantly more likely to be experimenters than Popular and Mainstream youth.
The researchers concluded that the current study underscores the potential utility of interventions tailored to larger at-risk crowds for campaigns like Fresh Empire.
There are organizations and individuals who are stepping up to change this statistic. On March 15th, 2018, Godfrey Ramos from The LOOP was invited to give a presentation at the 19th Annual Leaders in Life youth conference in Bakersfield. His workshop focused on how to use Hip Hop Culture as a tool to promote student led tobacco-free projects and dialogue. As a culture, Hip Hop consists of five core elements: Emceeing/Rappin, DJing, Graffiti Art, Breakdancing, and Knowledge. The workshop utilized these five elements to highlight strategies on how to get the word out to peers, and the community, about advocacy efforts that make sure youth voices are heard and a powerful story is told that shapes and influences decision-making. The workshop was attended by approximately 200 students, parents, educators, and community leaders.
To learn more about the Leaders in Life Youth conference, please visit: http://leadersinlife.org/
Walker et al. (2018). The Hip Hop peer crowd: An opportunity for intervention to reduce tobacco use among at-risk youth. Addictive Behaviors, Feb 10;82:28-34. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2018.02.014. [Epub ahead of print]
Read the abstract at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29477904
Congratulations to our own Dr. Valerie Yerger for receiving the 2018 UCSF Chancellor Award for Public Service! Each year this award honors three (3) individuals—one faculty, one staff, one student/resident/postdoctoral scholar—who demonstrate outstanding service beyond the scope of their job, area of research, or training.
A special luncheon will be held as part of the UCSF Founders Day activities on Friday, May 11, 2018, to honor Dr. Yerger and the other award recipients.
Dr. Yerger’s name will be PERMANENTLY inscribed at UCSF to recognize her commitment toward saving lives!
The LOOP Team is extremely proud of our Director, Dr. Val, on this prestigious and well-deserved honor!
Putting the tobacco industry’s words to work for you.
The UCSF Center for Tobacco and Disease Control Research and Education (CTCRE), an interdisciplinary research community, announces its one-day workshop on using tobacco industry documents for advocacy.
The Workshop will cover the following:
- tobacco industry documents databases
- multimedia database
- hands-on practice searching
- extracting key industry documents
- how to use the documents to end the tobacco pandemic
- brainstorm with document researchers and other advocates
- opportunities to network
Keynote: Pamela Ling, MD, MDH – Professor of Medicine, Fellowship Director, Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education
The deadline for registration is Friday, April 13, 2018.
Registration is on a first come, first serve basis. Space is limited to 40 participants. Meals and resource materials will be provided. All locations are ADA accessible.
Applications for a 2018 Truth Initiative Travel Scholarship to Increase Diversity may be requested. The deadline to apply for the scholarship is Monday, March 26, 2018, 12:00 pm PST.
To Register for the workshop, please visit: https://ucsf.co1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_8HUl29BCY60NpDn
For information and application instructions, please visit:
- In 2014, the average U.S. resident was required to pay $2.68 in cigarette taxes, more than 60% of which was due to state and local taxation.
- On average, Asian/Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander populations faced the highest average tax ($2.95), which was $0.44 more than American Indian populations.
- Local taxes disproportionately augmented state and federal taxes for non-White populations, same-sex couples, and people living in poverty.
- Geographic variation in cigarette excise taxes produces sociodemographic variation in cigarette tax exposure.
Health Education, Public Policy, Public Law, Law Enforcement, Public Relations, Journalists, Program Evaluation, Cessation Counselors, Community Health Advocates, Program Assistants, Program Managers
Though California is a national leader in tobacco control and enjoys one of the lowest smoking prevalence rates in America, not all of our communities have equally benefited. Native Americans, Pacific Islanders, African Americans, the LGBTQ community, and members of the military are just some of the groups that still have high smoking rates. There are complex reasons why some communities continue to bare a disparate tobacco related burden. An important part of the solution is the cultivation and training of leaders from these communities.
Because of the passage of California’s historic 2016 tobacco tax, thousands of jobs in tobacco control across the state of California will be created. The average student has little knowledge of these career opportunities. The LOOP Leadership Development Program (LDP) aims to build capacity by increasing knowledge and access to these opportunities. We are actively recruiting 12-16 “Fellows” to participate in a vigorous 8-week program. Once successful applicants complete the program they will receive a certificate of completion from the University of California, San Francisco. They will also have ongoing access to a cadre of mentorship and support. We want to help you develop your leadership skills as we guide you through a wide array of career boosting opportunities. Applicants who represent the populations most adversely targeted by Big Tobacco are strongly encouraged to apply.
It is with great sadness and heavy hearts that we share the news that one of The LOOP’s technical assistance trainers (TAT), Richard Barnes, has recently passed away. When The LOOP first began back in 2014, Richard was one of the first individuals we invited to become a TAT not only because of his extensive experience and expertise in tobacco control advocacy, but also because of his warm and genuine character.
The LOOP has greatly benefitted from Richard’s contributions which include facilitating trainings around state and local policymaking, as well as the importance of media advocacy. Richard will always be remembered not only as a mentor, but as an inspiration for those committed to making the world a better place for all.
Richard – you will be dearly missed.